Another Example of Invalid Claims For Lack of Written Description and Enablement

Attorney: Marina I. Miller, Ph.D.
October 18, 2021

In its recent decision, the PTAB (“the Board”) determined that all challenged claims of U.S. Patent No. 10,301,638 B2 were unpatentable under 35 U.S.C. § 328(a) for lack of written description and lack of enablement.<... Read more

Traversing Obviousness Rejections

Attorney: Richard D. Kelly
October 18, 2021

In Chemours Co. FC LC v. Daikin Industries Ltd. et al., 4 F.4th 1370 (Fed. Cir. 2021) reversed a PTAB decision finding the following claim to be unpatentable as obvious:<... Read more

Increased Burden in Drafting "Surviving" and "Useful" Utility Patents in the Life Sciences Industry Extends to Design Patents

Attorney: Grace Kim
October 15, 2021

Patents are undoubtedly essential to many industries, and in recent years, the decisions regarding patent eligibility, written description, and enablement have certainly shaken up the life sciences industry in particular. There is an increasing burden on patent applicants and patentees to provide complex, lengthy, thoroughly written disclosures to satisfy the rising standards for written description and enablement, as well as the added pressure to draft multiple claims of varying scope.<... Read more

THE RECENT HHS' PLAN FOR GREATER FDA – USPTO COLLABORATION TO LOWER DRUG PRICES: WHY PHARMA PATENT COUNSEL NEEDS TO REVIEW FDA SUBMISSIONS

Attorney: J. Derek Mason, Ph.D., CLP
September 22, 2021

In a purported effort to lower drug prices, the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) recently released a proposed plan calling for the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) to work with the US Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO), suggesting that such collaboration would “facilitate greater awareness of their complementary work and introduce efficiency into their respective workstreams.” This is only one part of the proposed plan, the other parts of which are not the focus of this post.<... Read more

PTAB ADOPTS IDENDEX IN FINDING MARKUSH GROUP NOT ENABLED

Attorney: Richard D. Kelly
September 7, 2021

     In Post Grant Reviews (PGR) the Patent Trial and Appeal Board (PTAB) may consider all statutory challenges to patent claims including those under 35 U.S.C. § 112. One such challenge was brought in Syngenta Crop Protection v. FMC Corp in PGR2020-00028 (Syngenta), decided August 31, 2021, against U.S.P. 10,294,202 (‘202 patent). The PTAB found all challenged claims, 1-3, 9-13, and 21-30, unpatentable as lacking an enabling disclosure commensurate in scope with the claims and a subset, claims 9 – 13, as lacking written description, 35 U.S.C. § 112(a).<... Read more

Claims to a Spread-Spectrum Method For Sending Data Over a Communications Channel Are Patent Ineligible under Section 101

Attorney: Marina I. Miller, Ph.D.
August 23, 2021

Plaintiff Zyrcuits IP LLC has sued Defendants Acuity Brands, Inc. and Universal Electronics Inc. for infringement of claim 4 of U.S. Patent No. 6,671,307 (the ‘307 patent). Defendants argued that Zyrcuits's complaints should be dismissed because the ‘307 patent is invalid under 35 U.S.C. § 101 for failing to claim patentable subject matter. Applying the two-step framework from Alice, the court found that the ‘307 patent was invalid under § 101, as the claims of the ‘307 patent are directed to the abstract idea of grouping data together with a single code and do not contain any inventive concept.... Read more

The Week That Was In Skinny Labels

Attorney: Richard D. Kelly
August 9, 2021

This week saw two cases reported with possible implications for skinny labels. The first was a recommendation be Magistrate Judge Hall, District of Delaware, that Hikma Pharmaceuticals could not dodge Amarin’s lawsuit claiming Hikma induced infringement of Amarin’s patents on the use of its heart drug Vascepa® . The patents in suit are U.S. Patent Nos. 9,700,537 (the ’537 patent), 8,642,077 (the ’077 patent), and 10,568,861 (the ’861 patent) under 35 U.S.C. § 271(b). In an interesting twist, Amarin also sued Health Net, an insurance provider, for also inducing infringement of the same patents. The suit against Health Net appears to be a first where an insurance company was sued for inducing infringement of method of using a drug.<... Read more

AlphaFold 2, Open Source AI for Protein Structure Prediction

Attorney: Yuki Onoe
August 2, 2021

7月15日に興味深いNature論文が発表された。タイトルは “Highly accurate protein structure prediction with AlphaFold”[1] (AlphaFoldによる高精度タンパク質構造予測)で、Google傘下のDeepMind社によって開発されたニューラルネットワークに関する詳細が記載されている。同技術によれば、あるタンパク質について“with atomic accuracy even where no similar structure is known”[2](同様の構造が未知の場合でも原子レベルで)精度良くその構造を予測することができるとされている。DeepMind社は同時に AlphaFold 2のソースコードを開放しており、さらに高精度のタンパク質構造予測を目指してより一層活発な研究開発が期待される。<... Read more

The Federal Circuit Rejects PacBio's Argument that Oxford Used the Then-Emerging Global COVID-19 Crisis to Win on Invalidity for Lack of Enablement

Attorney: Grace Kim
July 15, 2021

In the recent decision PacificBiosciences of California, Inc. v. Oxford Nanopore Techs., Inc., No. 20-2155 issued on May 11, 2021, the Federal Circuit affirmed the district court’s holdings on two important issues, which are particularly of present-day relevance: (1) the influence of the global COVID-19 crisis on the public or jury’s view of the enforcement of intellectual property; and (2) the question of enablement.<... Read more

Prophetic "Examples" Past, Present and Future

Attorney: Richard D. Kelly
July 14, 2021

 On July1 the USPTO issued a notice regarding prophetic examples reminding practitioners of the need to distinguish between examples actually performed and theoretical or paper examples. Generally, this admonishment is considered to apply to the chemical and biologic arts where cookbook-type examples are found presenting data. MPEP 608 and Janet Freilich, Prophetic Patents UC Davis L. Rev. (2019). The MPEP was silent on prophetic examples prior to the 1981 edition.<... Read more